2018-12-07 source：Xi'an Weian Industrial Co., Ltd.
The development and application of big data technology has triggered many exciting dialogues around the world about future population health and predictive analysis. However, the medical industry is still facing challenges of data interoperability, data islands, security and other issues. With the growing maturity of block chain technology, many people place their hopes on the Bitcoin world to solve the aforementioned medical pain points.
How to combine block chain with medical field? Many technology service companies and advanced medical workers are thinking and exploring. Some block chain technology companies from the United States and the United Kingdom have been trying to push block chain infrastructure into the medical industry. In this paper, five application scenarios of block chains in medical field are proposed, including electronic medical record, DNA wallet, Bitcoin payment, anti-counterfeiting of drugs and protein folding.
Reprinted from VAR insights, author Megan Williams, the following is the translation of the original text.
Block chains are essentially an organizational structure that allows transactions to be validated and recorded under agreements involving everyone. Block chains are very popular in Bitcoin trading. They are also authoritative books that record all transactions and events.
This is different from the current way of trading medical information. Although our current data system keeps accounts in a centralized location, block chains require each participant (node) to maintain copies of records. Any change should be compared with all nodes before it is passed. Therefore, block chains are more secure and less likely to undergo unauthorized changes.
Block chain + medical treatment
What is the significance of block chain for medical treatment?
The medical industry is currently suffering from massive data quality problems, which may result from doctor errors, hacker attacks, or the failure of the same electronic medical record (EHR) to update due to simultaneous editing. In any case, medical records are far from being fully trusted. In addition, the problem of multiple vendors holding different versions of the same patient records has also been a long-standing problem, but these vendors have not checked each other, resulting in patients at a risk of physical, mental and financial harm that may lead to side effects.
Block chain technology helps to correct all these problems, because no entity will be responsible for managing the data, but at the same time all parties will be responsible for maintaining data security and integrity. This approach provides the only source of authenticity for medical treatment, so that the system will no longer suffer from human errors.
This is similar to some schemes adopted by some information exchange systems, but the key difference is validation. Information exchange system is still only responsible for the quality of patient records, while patients and suppliers can only choose to trust the records presented to them.
However, advancing a block chain solution is not a simple matter, largely because no one is sure how to apply the block chain to the medical industry or how to get rid of regulatory requirements such as HIPAA. However, some block chain technology companies, such as Gem, Factom in the United States and GuardTime in the United Kingdom, are bringing block chain infrastructure into the medical industry. Gem is working with Philips Medical Department to create the Philips Block Chain Laboratory, which is dedicated to finding answers to many questions surrounding the concept of the application of Block Chain Technology in the medical industry.
Five Applications of Block Chain in Medical Field
Electronic Health Cases (EHR)
In medical field, the most important application of block chain is the preservation of personal medical records, which can be understood as electronic medical records on block chain. If the medical record is imagined as an account book, it is originally held in the hands of various hospitals, the patients themselves do not grasp, so the patients will not be able to obtain their own medical records and historical situation, which will cause great trouble for patients to seek medical treatment, because doctors can not fully understand your medical history records.
But now if we can use block chain technology to preserve, there will be personal medical history data, whether to see a doctor or to plan our health, there will be historical data available, and the real master of this data is the patient himself, not a hospital or a third-party organization.
Two, DNA Wallet
Genes and medical data can be safely stored using block chain technology and obtained using private keys, which will form a DNA wallet. This enables healthcare providers to share and count patient data safely and help pharmaceutical companies develop drugs more efficiently. And this model is gradually being established.
3. Bitcoin Payment
The development of block chain technology promotes the payment of Bitcoin and gives patients more choices in insurance payment. Although this also depends on the development of Bitcoin in the market, the insurance companies offering this approach also have greater advantages over their competitors. For health insurance companies, block chains are being established as part of financial services.
Four, drug anti-counterfeiting
Similar to coding anti-counterfeiting technology, for anti-counterfeiting drugs using block chain technology, there is a scrapable surface on the surface of the drug packaging box and a special verification label underneath, which is compared with block chain to ensure the legitimacy of drugs.
V. Protein Folding
Because protein folding is so rapid, Stanford University previously relied on very expensive supercomputers to simulate protein folding. This approach is obviously costly and has a single point of failure. By using block chains, they can choose to use them